Due to the Nazi practice of testing on humans, the Nuremburg Code was created after WWI to ensure that experimenting applies to animals before humans. While alternatives to animal testing have since been created, there are many reasons why they are not commonly used. These alternatives lack funding and require faster validation, while some are known to create false positive results. Some laws allow for the use of alternatives, but expenses end up equating that of animal testing, providing a disincentive to the research companies. According to Marjolein Weda, Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, the two main reasons for unpopular alternatives are cost and complexity. PETA and other animal rights organizations are fighting for an increase in use of alternatives. Visit Outsourcing-Pharma to read Gareth MacDonald’s full article.